Apply GBA+ to your work

Gender-based Analysis Plus

We often assume that if our work or policies apply to everyone equally, there are no gender or diversity issues to consider. At times, we all make assumptions about people and groups based on our own experiences, and we forget to consider which ones are accurate and which are not. When incorrect and unchallenged, the assumptions we make in our work can lead to unintended impacts on people and groups.

You can begin to challenge your assumptions and apply Gender-based Analysis Plus (GBA+) to your work by asking these key questions:

  1. Who is affected by the issue? How are they affected?
  2. Are certain groups potentially at a disadvantage?
  3. Who has been consulted in developing your approach?
  4. If you consider an issue to be “gender neutral,” can this be supported with evidence?

Using GBA+ does not mean an extra burden. It is simply a different approach, focused on diversity and inclusion. Many people and organizations routinely consider gender and diversity intuitively; in other cases it may require more concerted effort. By routinely using GBA+ checklists and tools, asking GBA+ questions will become integrated into your thought process.

Below you will find three examples of how GBA+ can be applied to a wide range of issues, using the examples of mining, cyberbullying and Traumatic Brain Injury.

Some examples



The mining and exploration sector will face a hiring requirement of up to 60,000 workers in the next decade.

GBA+ questions:

  • What are the current socio-demographic characteristics of the mining and exploration sector workforce? Are there any segments of the population that are under-represented (e.g. women, Aboriginal people, youth)?
  • What are the barriers to participation for under-represented groups (e.g. shift-work, remote location, employer stereotypes)? Can measures be developed to address any perceived or identified barriers?
  • In developing your approach to the issue, have you consulted a wide-range of stakeholders, including under-represented groups?



Cyberbullying and the non-consensual distribution of intimate images is a growing concern in Canada, particularly among youth.

GBA+ questions:

  • Are there gender differences in cyberbullying behaviour and victimization?
  • Are there other identity factors that affect cyberbullying behaviour and/or victimization (e.g. geography, socio-economic status)?
  • Are the long-term impacts of cyberbullying the same for boys and girls?
  • In consulting with youth, have you considered boys and girls with varied backgrounds?

Traumatic Brain Injury


The need to better prevent and respond to Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) has gained increased attention as a result of recent high-profile lawsuits by athletes who have sustained concussions in professional sports.

GBA+ questions:

  • Are women experiencing traumatic brain injuries (TBI) at the same rates as men?
  • Are there groups at higher risk of sustaining a TBI, based on gender expectations (e.g. risk-taking behaviour), or other identity factors?
  • Are there sex or gender factors that influence TBI symptoms and recovery?
  • Have you ensured that the research you are consulting has included the experiences of both women and men?

The GBA+ process will help you to deepen your analysis and systematically incorporate important diversity considerations into your work. It includes a number of important elements:

Fig.4 - GBA+ Process
[Text version of Fig.4 - GBA+ Process]

This figure illustrates the GBA+ Process. At the top of the image is a grey box with the text “Challenge Assumptions.” Below the box is an inverted pyramid in four shades of green. In descending order, each shade of green within the pyramid states: “Gather information and consider stakeholder perspectives,” “Define the issues,” “Develop option,” and “Make recommendations.” To the sides of the inverted pyramid are two blue arrows pointing down. The left arrow states “Document the process” and the right arrow states “Communicate the initiative.”

GBA+ logo

For more information on the GBA+ process, including each element and an illustrative example, see Module 6 of the Introduction to GBA+ online course.

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