Introduction to GBA+


Both sex and gender can influence an individual’s experience of federal government policies, programs and initiatives.

Remember that sex refers to the biological and physiological characteristics that define men, women and intersex persons. Gender refers to the roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that a given society may construct or consider appropriate for men and women. It can result in stereotyping and limited expectations about what women and men can and cannot do. 

Looking at sex- and gender-disaggregated data is a first step to determining whether sex and gender are important factors to consider. The next step is to analyze the social context, including social norms we may take for granted which create a person’s experience.

In general, the differential impacts of an initiative will be more about gender (socially constructed roles and relationships) than sex (biological).