Introduction to GBA+

Applying the concepts of sex and gender


Excluding the consideration of sex and gender differences in research on many medical conditions has limited effective diagnosis and treatment for both women and men. Even today, many clinical trials do not report results that have been analyzed separately for males and females, making it difficult to determine the biological and socio-cultural factors that may influence health. When developing effective treatments, it is equally important to document where no differences exist between male and female subjects.

There is increasing recognition in medical research of the need to identify sex and gender differences in relation to risk factors, symptoms and patterns of health issues for the purposes of preventing, diagnosing and treating illness in both men and women.

In our next module, we will move beyond the concepts of sex and gender and examine a number of the factors – such as race, ethnicity, religion, age, and mental or physical disability - that make us who we are.