GBA+: Beyond Sex and Gender

GBA+: Beyond Sex and Gender - Transcript

We’ve all heard it: “You can’t really understand another person’s experience until
you’ve walked a mile in their shoes.”

Shoes aren’t one-size-fits-all and neither are policies, programs and services.

That’s what gender-based analysis plus (or GBA+) is all about.
So, how does it work?

Doing a gender-based analysis means gathering information on how different groups of people
may experience the same situation differently.

This is your chance to identify risks and opportunities as you design your initiative…and

create appropriate mitigation strategies.
Let’s start at the beginning.
What makes you who you are?
Is it your age?

Your ethnic background?
Where you live?
It’s all of this and more.

These are called identity factors.
Sex and gender are two identity factors that are the starting points for GBA+.

The terms “sex” and “gender” are often used interchangeably but they are actually
separate concepts.

Sex refers to a set of biological attributes and is associated with physical and physiological
features.

Sex is usually categorized as female or male but there is variation in biological attributes
and how those attributes are expressed.

Gender, on the other hand, refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviours, expressions
and identities of individuals.

Gender helps determine how people perceive themselves and each other and how they act
and interact.

It can even have an impact on how power and resources are distributed in a society.
We all have multiple identity factors that intersect to make us who we are.

This is called intersectionality.
The “plus” in gender-based analysis plus acknowledges that GBA goes beyond sex and gender.

It examines how sex and gender intersect with other identities such as: race, ethnicity,
religion, age or mental or physical disability.

Use GBA+ to examine all the intersecting identity factors of diverse groups of people so that
you can be more inclusive in your approach to developing, delivering and evaluating initiatives.

Visit Status of Women Canada and check out our Demystifying GBA+ job aid on GCpedia.
Information is available upon request for those outside the Government of Canada.

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